Most of us know about the trendiest nail arts and the hottest colors to paint the nails with for the year. But when it comes to nail infections, many of us are lacking knowledge in this department. We’ll shed some light on some of the most common infections of the nails.
Common Nail Infections
Yeast or Fungal Infection – Fungus or yeast can infect the nails when there is a tear in the nail folds as well as the cuticle . A fungal or yeast infection results in what we refer to as Onychomycosis. This kind of infection is characterized by nail plate separation and the presence of debris right under the nail plate. When a nail has a yeast or fungal infection, it starts sporting a white or yellowish color and its shape and texture may also change. The nail plate is made up of a protein called keratin and it is this protein that the fungus feeds on. As the infection goes on, organic debris starts piling up under the nail plate which is the cause for discoloration. It is important to go to your doctor for treatment of this infection. If ignored, the nail plate can start separating from the nail bed and fall off.
Paronychia Nail Infection – When the inflamed skin and soft tissue surrounding the toenail or fingernail becomes infected, Paronychia can happen. There are two forms of the Paronychia disease; acute Paronychia which starts suddenly and chronic Paronychia which occurs gradually. Acute paronychia is considered as one of the most common infections that affect the hand. Acute Paronychia usually starts as a red, warm, painful swelling of the skin surrounding the nail. Redness and swelling of the skin surrounding the nail is not that obvious in chronic Paronychia.
The Greenies or Pseudomonas Infection
Infection caused by the Pseudomonas bacteria usually affects the natural nail plate and the nail bed. This can also happen between an artificial nail and the natural nail. A nail infected by the Pseudomonas bacteria gets a green discoloration. This discoloration is actually a by-product of the infection and iron compounds are responsible. People prone to getting infected by the Pseudomonas bacteria are those who constantly have wet hands such as bartenders, hairdressers, nurses, etc. This infection can cause the nail plate to become darker and for those wearing artificial nails, the nail plate can become softer. The darker the nail discoloration is the deeper the bacteria has traveled into the layers of the nail plate. If the Pseudomonas bacteria got in between the nail plate and the nail bed, a possible result will be the nail plate lifting from the nail bed.
Tinea Unguis is actually the most common type of fungal infection affecting the feet. There is the presence of itchiness as well as foot odor with this kind of infection. Sweat as well as moisture creates an ideal breeding environment for the fungus Trichophyton rubum. Keeping the feet dry is the best way to prevent Yinea Unguis from happening.
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