Skin cancer is an illness that nobody wants to have but most of us are not doing anything to protect ourselves against it. We seem to take skin cancer lightly. There are some of us who would not lather on sunscreen lotion at all or only when going to the beach.
The beach is not what causes skin cancer. The number one culprit behind skin cancer is the sun’s UV rays. You probably know that it’s not only at the beach where the sun shines. Prolonged and unprotected exposure to the sun’s UV rays can lead to the development of skin cancer. This is why it is important that we wear sun protection every single day most especially when heading outdoors.
Skin cancer is preventable however some of us seemingly are inducing skin cancer upon themselves. Many still bask under the sun just to get that golden tan colour they want or they still make use of tanning beds. Tanning beds emit UV rays just like the sun’s and they have been known to cause skin cancer as well.
Types of Skin Cancer
- Basal Cell Carcinoma – This is the most common type of skin cancer. Growth of this type of cancer is considered slow. It can take years or months for this cancer to grow and in most cases the cancer does not branch out to other areas of the body. In most cases basal cell carcinoma is seen on the face, head, neck and trunk but they can also appear in any part of the body!
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma – Next to basal cell carcinoma, the squamous cell carcinoma is the most common type of skin cancer. In general its growth is faster than the other kinds of skin cancer and this cancer can spread to other areas of the body. In most cases, the cancer will first appear as a pink lump that is scaly or something like a wart. Bleeding, crusting and breaking down usually happens and it can ulcerate too. People with this kind of skin cancer would usually feel a stinging or burning sensation. The cancer is most commonly seen on skin areas that are exposed to much sunlight such as the face, ears, scalp, lips and the back of the hands.
- Malignant Melanoma – Although this is the least common kind of skin cancer it is the most deadly type of skin cancer. This type of cancer commonly appears in parts of the skin most exposed to the sun. But it also can appear in areas of your skin that are covered but have been sunburnt in the past. This type of skin cancer can also spread. It can develop on moles or can be in a form of new moles in brown, red or black colour. Such moles can change their colour as well as size.
Protecting the Skin
The best way to prevent skin cancer is avoiding exposure to UV rays. Wearing sunscreen lotion can also minimise your risk of getting skin cancer. A visit to your dermatologist at least once a year is advisable. The use of skin products packed with antioxidants like Argan oil can also help protect the skin. Argan oil is loaded with numerous antioxidants such as Vitamin E, Feruulic acid, Carotenoids, Squalene and Polyphenols. These nutrients protect the skin from the damaging effects of UV rays.