What Causes Skin Discoloration?

Every single day the skin gets a good battering from numerous factors. The wind, heat, varying temperatures, humidity, smoke and pollution batter the skin on a daily basis. We can also be . Many of the popular skin care products that we love lathering on to our skin contain various chemicals that damage the skin and are even toxic to our body. Poor diet and stress also take a toll on the health of our skin.

All of the battering that the skin receives can lead to various skin problems. Two of the most common skin conditions that are a result of this constant battering are dark underarm patches and brown spots (simple pigmentation) or what we call as freckles. Skin discoloration, sadly is not the only skin issues we face. But no matter what the skin issue may be, there are various treatments available that can minimize and or address these problems. The first key is having an understanding of what causes these issues. In this article, we will discuss the factors that cause skin discoloration.

Skin Discoloration

So what causes it? Here are some of the major factors that contribute to skin discoloration.

  • Sun Exposure
    The sun is one of the major contributors of skin discoloration. What gives our skin its color is a substance called melanin. Melanin is our skin’s natural defense against the harsh UV rays from the sun. When exposed to the sun, the body produces more melanin. Those skin areas that are exposed to the sun mostly can start having dark spots and age prematurely. To protect your skin against dark spots and premature aging avoid overexposing your skin to the sun and always wear sun protection.
  • Hormonal Imbalance
    Hormonal imbalance can also give rise to dark spots on the skin. Usually, it is women that get dark spots due to hormonal imbalance and most commonly it is during or after pregnancy. Some women who undergo estrogen treatments also experience dark spots on their skin as a side effect.
  • Acne, Bruises and Rashes
    Dark spots on the skin can also be caused by acne, wounds, bruises and rashes. All of these things usually leave a mark on the skin after they have healed. In the case of acne, many people get dark spots because of picking and squeezing them.
  • Age
    Time will eventually take a toll on our skin. As we age wrinkles, fine lines and dryness will soon creep in. It is not time or age itself that causes skin pigmentation. Dark spots appear as we get older because they as a result of our prolonged exposure to the sun.

With proper skin care and protection, you can avoid having to sport dark spots on your skin or at the very least lessen them.

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